Research ethics

Medical research involving human subjects
Manuscripts should meet the general requirements recommended by ICMJE (http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/protection-of-research-participants.html). We specifically emphasize the requirement for ethical conduct of research and protection of privacy of patients and study subjects, as defined in the latest issue of the Declaration of Helsinki – Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, developed by the World Medical Association (https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/). Ethical conduct includes mandatory registration of clinical trials in a public trail registry as a condition for manuscript submission to ST-OPEN, as defined in the ICMJE registration policy.

Research involving animals
Authors should follow institutional, national and international standards for the care and use of laboratory animals and report it in the submitted manuscripts. We direct the authors to the guidance from the European Union on animals used for scientific purposes (https://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/lab_animals/index_en.htm).